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Box model:

What is CSS Box Model
All HTML elements can be considered as boxes. In CSS, the term "box model" is used when talking about design and layout.
The CSS box model is essentially a box that wraps around HTML elements, and it consists of: margins, borders, padding, and the actual content.
The box model allows us to place a border around elements and space elements in relation to other elements.
The image below illustrates the box model:

Explanation of the different parts:
  • Margin - Clears an area around the border. The margin does not have a background color, it is completely transparent.
  • Border - A border that goes around the padding and content. The border is inherited from the color property of the box.
  • Padding - Clears an area around the content. The padding is affected by the background color of the box.
  • Content - The content of the box, where text and images appear.
How to use Width and Height of an Element
The total width of the element in the example below is 300px:
width: 250px;
padding: 10px;
border: 5px solid green;
margin: 10px;
Let's do the math:
250px (width)
+ 20px (left + right padding)
+ 10px (left + right border)
+ 20px (left + right margin)
= 300px
Assume that you had only 250px of space. Let's make an element with a total width of 250px:
div {
width: 220px;
padding: 10px;
border: 5px solid green;
margin: 0px;
} The total width of an element should be calculated like this:
Total element width = width + left padding + right padding + left border + right border + left margin + right margin
The total height of an element should be calculated like this:
Total element height = height + top padding + bottom padding + top border + bottom border + top margin + bottom margin
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